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Not many entries ago we talked about that the artwork was, during long periods of the history of humanity , conditioned and related to the inability of people to read, the huge illiteracy rate that existed not so long ago, in the Western world. The first institution that needed the mob had given information and thus make the population was formed in accordance to their creed, was the church. The church, since it is church, has fought hard for the people to only assimilate its truth, which for them, is the only truth. The church, therefore, used primarily sculpture, especially in the period perrománico, Romanesque and Gothic. The faithful learned the Bible passages especially looking frieze and capitals of churches built right and left. Of course, reading these sculptures by the people they were supported by indications of the priest – guide, were spiritual or just mere guide available to each site. The codices were written and beautifully illustrated equity only ” use and enjoyment ” of the monasteries rich who could afford to have scriptoriums .


Eve and the original sin in the sight of all who could not read

Since the Renaissance , the village church lessons and taught not only relying on the use of sculpture, friezes and capitals, as it began to use the art of painting to do . The Gothic sculptors who were not artists but were considered artisans working with their hands , gave way to the painters , – and raised to the height of artists, and no longer as “working hands ” – in the Renaissance . They were in church one of his best customers. The second best customer was the “state” and the third were rich merchants , although the latter were not intended to give lessons of any kind but simply endeavor to remain in people’s memory.

Mona_Lisa - copia - copia

Bartolomeo Francesco del Giocondo could never imagine that his wife was to become an enduring icon of the hand of Leonardo

Well interestingly, there was a communication form, another communication medium especially designed for those who could not read and had to learn lessons. The one great limitation that had this means of communication was that he was only available to a few. To access he had to be paid as now we are to Canal Plus. We refer to the tapestries – tapestry, the French ” tapis ” – hanging on the walls – walls of castles , palaces and noble houses, who only had access , as mentioned above, noble people, even the servants and residents looked on askance not quite understanding that was that. It was imperative that the king, prince, lord, recount the adventures with the support of the graph , and some with Latin texts (for priests translators do their work and derive the stories to their own interests) and for this use the tapestry was critical , far more than the painting, as the curtain was the comic of the former was much more versatile to tell a story.


War Scene a tapestry

Of all the tapestries have or might have , of many that we have seen , we will highlight one that to us is a truly unique gem . It is amazing to see how you ever survived the passage of time , considering that was made in the eleventh century and its size. It is a large canvas embroidery nearly 70 meters long which explains graphically , through a succession of images with inscriptions in Latin , the events leading up to the Norman Conquest of England , culminating in the bloody battle of Hastings . It’s like a movie with subtitles in Latin (the narrators were often priests) but it was understood perfectly content watching only the “drawings”. It’s really funny how exposed since 1980 at the Musée de la Tapisserie de Bayeux in Bayeux City – http://www.tapisserie-bayeux.fr/index.php?id=1&L=1 – , in Normandy (France ). The Bayeux Tapestry has been appointed by the Unesco program in 2007 as ” one of the elements to safeguard the Memory of the World “.


View Skin exposed

The tapestry is exposed on a wall in a glass case that holds it away from dust and moisture at a stable temperature . The tapestry , which measures just over 70 meters and 0.50 meters in height , exhibited throughout is in a kind of dark corridor that rotates 90 degrees to the middle of the mat, each hall is 30 meters or just lights the great cloth. The tapestry weighs 350 kg. It’s a funny way of exposing something so long , and the only possible reality. We can spend over an hour watching the incredible details of each section of the tapestry. In fact, you almost can not stop because it is “mandatory” headset lead narrator and tells all pretty ligerito rhythm (rhythm vivaze ) . Everything is told in 58 scenes ( vignettes ) .
The ” comic XI century Bayeux “, also known as the Tapestry of Queen Matilda, was commissioned and produced ( embroidered cloth ) by order of Odo , Archbishop of Bayeux and half-brother of William, to serve the Cathedral ornament Bayeux the day of his consecration , on July 14, 1077 (it seems that is the most plausible story about the creation of all that exists) . Yarn needle was performed with two techniques: the simple point stem for linear contours and motives ” couchage point ” for refilling. It is mainly used wool yarn in 4 colors of base (red, yellow , green and blue) and 8 colors from vegetable dyes of the time like the dyer, the glitter and indigo, which were mixed with finest linen thread to give relief to certain shapes such as arrows and spears.

The Bayeux Tapestry tells the events between 1064 and 1066 of the conquest of England by the Normans and the course of the decisive battle of Hastings, which changed the course of the history of French and British nations.
The story begins in 1064 when the old King Edward of England , without direct heir , sends his brother Harold the Saxon to France to offer the crown to his cousin designated successor, William of Normandy. Despite swear allegiance to William, Harold is done with the crown on his return to England ( traitor ) to die suddenly Eduardo on January 5, 1066 . William prepares for several months a large navy and landed with his army in Sussex , finally defeating and killing Harold and his troops in the fields of Hastings . You could play with Guillermo , was very spiteful . Unfortunately , the final section of tapestry showing the surrender of the Saxons in Berkhamsted and the coronation of King William in Westminster, has been lost ( ? ).


The spectacular Cathedral of Bayeux

For those who have not been in those parts , is a journey that can be perfectly combined with a visit to the abbey of ” Mount St. Michel ” that will take most of the morning (we recommend you go early) and in the afternoon you can spend walking in Bayeux which is a very nice town , full of narrow medieval streets and a beautiful water mill. For what they like to mention religious architecture cathedral is spectacular , worth it. About food , and given the western areas of France have to put up with”crepes” and butter. In that area of France grown pretty good red wine .