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RuinasMayasTikal:EVERuinas mayas de Tikal

Today we skip our plans to make a visit to Guatemala and not to Cuba as we have promissed, we have played to the dismissal, please forgive us. The reason is none other than the of have found low-cost ticket to Guatemala and… Cuba will have to wait until the week coming. The flight that takes off from Mexico D.F. leads us to Guatemala City in nearly two hours. We already know how great that is Latin America, so a flight of two hours is nothing. Guatemala is another country of Mayan – a history of 3,000 years ago – as well as Mexico, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador. No we are going to discover anything new that you may not know about the pre-Columbian Mesoamerican culture, so we are going to go directly to what interests us, museums Guatemalans in Agendas Mundi today. 

1. Museo Ixchel del Traje Indígena / Ciudad de Guatemala

5471345783_f82ba54c98The Ixchel Museum of indigenous dress is a private nonprofit, whose mission is to collect, preserve, document, rescue, exhibit and educate about the Guatemalan indigenous textile tradition emphasizing their cultural, technical and artistic value. Their vision is to maintain leadership in the field that develops and contribute to the knowledge and dissemination of the cultural wealth of the country. The frieze of the building that houses the museum recreates the textile symbol “RUPAN dish”, weaving in the huipiles and sobrehuipiles of Comalapa, Chimaltenango. It represents a plate used to bless bread or fruit, in the rituals of the brotherhoods (photo and info from the Museum).

2. Museo Popol Vuh / Ciudad de Guatemala (edificio anexo al Museo Ixchel) 

museo-popol-vuhThe Popol Vuh Museum takes its name from the Popol Vuh, one of the most important texts of indigenous literature in the new world. Written in the western highlands of Guatemala around 1550, the Popol Vuh brings together a set of myths and historical accounts, of great importance for the study of the indigenous peoples of Guatemala. The names of their authors are unknown, but there are indications that it was written by prominent members of the nobility of the Quiché Kingdom, which dominated a vast region of the Guatemalan Highlands in the time of the Spanish conquest. Written in a poetic style, attentive, it is also a masterpiece in literary terms. The Popol Vuh Museum houses one of the most important collections Mayan art in the world. Highlights of her numerous examples of ceramic painted of the classical period in Petén; the Verapaz and other regions, a special set of URNs from the Northwest of Guatemala; important examples of the pre-classical and classical sculpture from Kaminaljuyu and the southern coast; a sample of censers taken from the waters of Lake Amatitlán; as well as an excellent sample of ceramic whistles. The colonial rooms provide an important sign of silverware, imagery and colonial painting of Guatemala. In addition, the Museum has an important exhibition of costumes and masks of the 20th century, used in traditional dances, which are not currently on display. The Museum takes its name from the Popol Vuh, book written shortly after the Spanish conquest of Guatemala, which narrates the myths and the pre-Hispanic history of the quichés, whose Kings dominated much of the western highlands of Guatemala. The Popol Vuh Museum collection includes numerous objects related to the myths of the Popol Vuh (photo and info from the Museum).

3. Museo de la Universidad de San Carlos / Ciudad de Guatemala

media-resource-204The Museum of the University of San Carlos, belongs to the direction General of Extension of the University of San Carlos of Guatemala. The museum contributes to the dissemination of scientific knowledge and culture. As a response to the contemporary museums, it is a dynamic means of providing education, through permanent, temporary and travelling exhibitions and multidisciplinary activities that strengthen community ties of identity, solidarity and respect for nature and the environment. It presents exhibitions on the history and the work of the University, the national culture and art, has an area for temporary exhibitions where exhibitions of national interest occurs (e) International. At the same time develops an educational program with educational activities and andragogical that complement and enhance the themes exposed in their rooms, at the same time functions as a channel diffuser of the University activities of teaching, research, extension and service (photography and information at the University).

4. Museo Regional de Sureste de Petén (no web site) / Petén

Museo_Regional_del_Sureste_del_PeténThe cultural area of the Museum is composed of two levels, the first consisting of a square with three revenue jardinizada, where cultural activities are carried out in the open air. At the second level go up by a central staircase and is where is located the Museum building. Apart from the exhibition halls, there is an administrative section, services, Winery and the room of the guards, is also has a living room of multiple applications used for cultural, educational and community benefit. Access to this service is free and easy, and can be requested by municipalities, associations, individuals, civil and educational entities (photography and information Foundation Tikal).

5. Museo Nacional de Etnología y Arqueología de Guatemala / Ciudad de Guatemala

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAThe National Museum of archaeology and Ethnology is a sample of various topics related to the history of the Mayan culture in Guatemala, starting with the first groups of hunter-gatherers who occupied our country, to contemporary times which exhibits the continuity of the Maya cultures, as well as the understanding of the multicultural phenomenon, generating a national identity through its archaeological and ethnological collection. The archaeological exhibition illustrates the development of Mayan culture organized in their periods, Preclassic (2,000 b.c. to 250 A.d.), classic (250 to 900 d. C.) and Postclassic (900 to 1,450 d. C.).At the beginning of the Preclassic, the subsistence was based on hunting, gathering and incipient agriculture. Eventually they came to develop complex systems of irrigation, which resulted in food reserves and support for an entire town (photo and info from the Museum).

6. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Guatemala / Ciudad de Guatemala

foto_historianat1Founded on July 4, 1950 with the name of the National Museum of Natural history, by Professor Jorge a.. Ibarra, who was its first director, holding the position until 1996 and because of his career as a naturist and the magnificent work carried out at the Museum, by Ministerial Agreement 10-88 March 14, 1988It was renamed “Jorge a.. Ibarra” National Museum of Natural history. Facilities that currently occupies the Museum was inaugurated on September 19, 1986. One of its main objectives is to collect, study, preserve, and exhibit specimens representative of the biodiversity and other natural resources of Guatemala. Its theme is history and natural sciences. Inside in his collection are dissected specimens of butterflies, beetles and other insects, as well as herbal, birds, mammals and minerals of Guatemala (information culture Miniguate).

7. Museo del Sitio de Litica (no tiene página web) / Flores, Parque Nacional Tikal

foto2Place where you can visit one of the most impressive Mayan historical sites of all Latin America. The Museum opened to the public on November 5, 1989 through the administration graduate Jose Rodolfo Sanchez Morales and under the initiative of the Tikal National project directors, who noticed the amount of archaeological pieces that had in its cellars decided to create this building for the exhibition and study of artifacts found in Tikal; Thanks to the support of the Government of Guatemala, through the Institute of anthropology and history (photograph and information Central American museums).

8. Museo del Sitio de Quirigua (no tiene página web) / Izabal

fotos1The visitor centre and Museum site was built recently within the priorities of the Ministry of culture and sports after the passage by Guatemala of the hurricane Mich in November 1998. His inauguration was held in September 2003. The architectural complex includes an exhibition hall where national and foreign visitors will appreciate the story of the ancient Maya civilization settled since the year 250 to 900 ad. The Motagua River Valley residents were farmers of corn and its position by geographical strategic had control of the trade route which started from the Central Highlands to the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, through the Motagua River where it was transported in canoes jade, obsidian, basalt and other basic materials for the subsistence of the pre-Hispanic people. The Motagua River Valley seem to have had human occupation since the pre-classic period until the late classic.(photography and information Central American museums).

9. Museo Miraflores (página web no operativa) / Ciudad de Guatemala

Museo_miraflores_1The Miraflores Museum is an archaeological museum in the city of Guatemala, dedicated to the exhibition of artifacts and art of the ancient Maya city of Kaminaljuyu. The Museum was founded in the year 2002, located in zone 11 of Guatemala City, in the southern part of the area once covered by the Maya city of Kaminaljuyu, and covers an area of approximately 1,200 square meters (13,000 square feet). Three preserved mounds are located within the grounds of the Museum. The modern Museum is located in a commercial area outside of the historic center is privately owned and run by the Foundation Miraflores (“Foundation Miraflores”), an organization for the purpose of profit (photography and text Wikipedia in).

10. Ciudad de Antigua / Ciudad Patrimonio Cultural de la Humanidad de la UNESCO / Guatemala

Calle_del_Arco,_Antigua_GuatemalaThe city of Antigua, headquarters of the captaincy General of Guatemala, was founded at the beginning of the 16th century. Built at 1,500 meters in an area of seismic shock, it was destroyed to a large extent by an earthquake in 1773. Built according to a path in checkerboard-inspired by the principles of the Italian Renaissance, ancient came to possess a large number of superb monuments in less than three centuries. Antigua Guatemala was the Centre of cultural, economic, religious, political, and educational for the entire region to the capital was moved. In the space of less than three centuries the city acquired a series of magnificent monuments. The pattern of straight lines established by the grid of streets North-South and East-West and inspired in the Italian Renaissance, is one of the best examples of urban development of Latin America and all that’s left of the city from the 16th century. Most of the surviving civil, religious and civic buildings dating from the 17TH and 18th centuries and is magnificent examples of colonial architecture in the Americas. These buildings reflect a regional stylistic variation known as Antiguan Baroque. Distinctive features of this architectural style include the use of decorative stucco for interior decoration and exterior, main facade with a central window niche and often a deeply carved tympanum, huge buildings and Bell floor designed to withstand frequent earthquakes in the region. Among the many important historic buildings, they are general captains Palace, the Casa de la Moneda, the Cathedral, the University of San Carlos, Las Capuchinas, Merced, Santa Clara, among others, to be noted. The city lay mostly abandoned for nearly a century until the middle of 1800 to increase agricultural production, especially coffee and grains, it brought new investment to the region. The original urban nucleus is small, measuring approximately 775 meters from North to South and East of 635 meters to the West, 49,57 hectares (photo and text of UNESCO).

The coming week we go to Cuba, this time going in seriously. We are real curious to know that museums we will find under the bright sun of the Caribbean. After visiting Cuba – and enjoy a few daiquiris in honor of our admired Hemingway -, continue our journey through the rest of the countries of Latin America, making the leap to San Salvador. Meanwhile, we wish that you pass a very happy weekend to all.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

LOS MAYAS
de BERTHOLD, Riese
ACENTO EDICIONES, (2002)

ESPEJOS DE PODER: UN ASPECTO DE LA CIVILIZACION MAYA
de RIVERA DORADO, Miguel
EDICIONES MIRAGUANO, (2004
 )

LEYENDAS DE GUATEMALA
de ASTURIAS, Miguel Ángel
ALIANZA EDITORIAL, (2011)

GUATEMALA. ENTRE VOLCANES Y POETAS
de MAESTRE, Juan Alfonso
ALMUZARA, (2008)

LOS MAYAS
de GRUBE, Nikolai
H.F. ULLMANN, (2011)

 

 

 

 

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