We dedicate today’s blog at Néstor C., a great sailor, great storyteller of the sea and a better person.
Talk about the ocean, marine or maritime museums, museums dedicated to the study, preservation and dissemination of the culture of the sea, is a complex issue, both for the very concept of culture and of the sea / ocean. These last five years there has been an incredible Museum activity that has created dozens of new maritime museums, in Australia, Finland, Canada, but especially in Middle East by what we would like to analyze this phenomenon of the sea in the form of Museum fever. If the concept of heritage long since that is a term taken and accepted, by partnering with the archaeological, artistic, monumental, it is something that is easily understood. In the case of the maritime heritage thing becomes complicated.
The marginalization that the history of the coastal line has always had on the rest of the territory, has not provided his relationship with the Museum. Always it has visited to the sea, in general, as a place of rest and leisure little related to the history. Even on the Islands happens all too often that alienation of the people with the things of the sea. While there are heritage of interior that has been placed on value, related to the sea is left to one side. Take importance when, due to the revaluation of the coast tourist objective, maritime heritage then take force. Not the case in other countries, but if in the Mediterranean influence. Let us hope that it is not too late.
The enormous maritime heritage is preserved and disseminated by different institutions that receive different names for its antiquity and activity. You must first distinguish to institutions that are dedicated to the preservation and dissemination of the culture of the sea from the point of view of marine biology: lavoir aquariums, and museos-centros of research of marine fauna, including interpretation centres and educational classrooms). Prior to joining briefly analyze the different museum names, we must do a reflection on the formal nature of the institutions that we call museums of sea and maritime museums.
EVE was the first company in the World that set up an ocean storm (galerna marina) with water and wind included, inside a Museum (faro de Cabo Peñas interpretation centre)
In relation to the different groups of museums, we can summarize it framing different institutions in the following groups:
1. Maritime museums or sea Museums: museums devoted to culture and maritime heritage of the civil society. They are most numerous in the world and which are more rapidly modernizing.
2 Naval museums: they are those mostly found linked to the Navy and the military world.
3. Thematic ocean museums: are those that explain part of this culture, such as the museums of fishing, the angler, the River, the port, the boating industry, the carpentry of rivera, of the fishing gear, etc.
4. Marine multi-thematic museums: are creating more and more museums than the they mix everything: historical heritage, civil marine, underwater archaeology, fishing gear, etc. With all a profusion of very modern Museum solutions. This type of museums is that is proliferating mostly in the East.
Referred to in groups of museums, also would have to make a difference in those who may be classified as the maritime heritage museums, which are those that are open to the public, as well as personnel and who meet the basic requirements to be considered for museums. And in collections centers related to the heritage that do not meet these minimum requirements, or to be generalist museums, basically of history, have a unique part dedicated to the heritage of the sea.
Finally, we are going to show some of the most modern museums with the marine-themed, before mentioning the literature of today.
Osaka Marime MuseumMuseo marítimo del Oeste de AustraliaMuseo Marítimo de Bellano (Finlandia)Museo Marítimo Nacional de DinamarcaMuseo Marítimo de San FranciscoMuseo Marítimo Nacional de Nueva ZelandaMuseo Marítimo del Golfo de MéxicoMuseo Marítimo de Kobe
– CAPEL, H (1996). El turismo industrial y el patrimonio histórico de la electricidad. Jornadas sobre la catalogación del patrimonio histórico. Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico.
– The Royal Maritime Museum (Greenwich) England has the largest library in the world of books about the sea in all categories.
– Asociación Profesional de Museólogos de España (APME). Revista nº14/2009. Mar, museos y Arqueología. Actas de las XII Jornadas de Museología (Cartagena).
– FERNÁNDEZ, C. La conservación del material arqueológico subacuático. Monte Buciero Ediciones (2003).