, , , ,

EVE:FakeMoaiPhoto National Geographic

We dedicate today’s blog at Néstor C., a great sailor, great storyteller of the sea and a better person.

Talk about the ocean, marine or maritime museums, museums dedicated to the study, preservation and dissemination of the culture of the sea, is a complex issue, both for the very concept of culture and of the sea / ocean. These last five years there has been an incredible Museum activity that has created dozens of new maritime museums, in Australia, Finland, Canada, but especially in Middle East by what we would like to analyze this phenomenon of the sea in the form of Museum fever. If the concept of heritage long since that is a term taken and accepted, by partnering with the archaeological, artistic, monumental, it is something that is easily understood. In the case of the maritime heritage thing becomes complicated.

slide01In recent years there has been an incredible explosion of interest over the sea that has resulted in dozens of new museums around the world (photo Maritime Museum of Busan, South Korea)

The marginalization that the history of the coastal line has always had on the rest of the territory, has not provided his relationship with the Museum. Always it has visited to the sea, in general, as a place of rest and leisure little related to the history. Even on the Islands happens all too often that alienation of the people with the things of the sea. While there are heritage of interior that has been placed on value, related to the sea is left to one side. Take importance when, due to the revaluation of the coast tourist objective, maritime heritage then take force. Not the case in other countries, but if in the Mediterranean influence. Let us hope that it is not too late.

03globe-amsterdam-Maritime-Museum-blog480Nordic countries of Europe and now in the East, have taken seriously the maritime heritage and its Museum (photo: Maritime Museum of Amsterdam)

The enormous maritime heritage is preserved and disseminated by different institutions that receive different names for its antiquity and activity. You must first distinguish to institutions that are dedicated to the preservation and dissemination of the culture of the sea from the point of view of marine biology: lavoir aquariums, and museos-centros of research of marine fauna, including interpretation centres and educational classrooms). Prior to joining briefly analyze the different museum names, we must do a reflection on the formal nature of the institutions that we call museums of sea and maritime museums.
MarcaCaboPeñasEVE was the first company in the World that set up an ocean storm (galerna marina) with water and wind included, inside a Museum (faro de Cabo Peñas interpretation centre)

1017201160011typhhontheater_jelly800Xperimental Museum in Singapore (Sentosa Island), where science and history are hand making the classification of related museums with is even more complex

In relation to the different groups of museums, we can summarize it framing different institutions in the following groups:

1. Maritime museums or sea Museums: museums devoted to culture and maritime heritage of the civil society. They are most numerous in the world and which are more rapidly modernizing.

2 Naval museums: they are those mostly found linked to the Navy and the military world.

3. Thematic ocean museums: are those that explain part of this culture, such as the museums of fishing, the angler, the River, the port, the boating industry, the carpentry of rivera, of the fishing gear, etc.

4. Marine multi-thematic museums: are creating more and more museums than the they mix everything: historical heritage, civil marine, underwater archaeology, fishing gear, etc. With all a profusion of very modern Museum solutions. This type of museums is that is proliferating mostly in the East.

dezeen_National-Maritime-Museum-of-China-wins-Future-Project-of-the-Year-2013_ss_1Maritime National Museum of China, an example of multi-thematic Museum big, and how could it be otherwise when it gives “open bar” to builders and others involved

Referred to in groups of museums, also would have to make a difference in those who may be classified as the maritime heritage museums, which are those that are open to the public, as well as personnel and who meet the basic requirements to be considered for museums. And in collections centers related to the heritage that do not meet these minimum requirements, or to be generalist museums, basically of history, have a unique part dedicated to the heritage of the sea.

18-danish-national-maritime-museum-image-by-thijs-wolzak-01_frontend-1Maritime museums are one of the groups of museums where more evolved educational museography

Finally, we are going to show some of the most modern museums with the marine-themed, before mentioning the literature of today.

media_7Osaka Marime Museum101.1232812800.dsc01669Museo marítimo del Oeste de Australia8802Maritime Centre Vellamo_Kotka, Finland_Photo Timo Vesterinen_  138Museo Marítimo de Bellano (Finlandia)BIG-danish-national-maritime-museum-designboom001Museo Marítimo Nacional de Dinamarcasan-francisco-maritime-museum-e1294217468886Museo Marítimo de San Francisconiqw_17068_2_voyager_nz_maritime_museum_4_of_6Museo Marítimo Nacional de Nueva ZelandaMuseum_NightMuseo Marítimo del Golfo de Méxicomaritime-museumKobe_maritime_museum2Museo Marítimo de Kobe


– CAPEL, H (1996). El turismo industrial y el patrimonio histórico de la electricidad. Jornadas sobre la catalogación del patrimonio histórico. Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico.

– The Royal Maritime Museum (Greenwich) England has the largest library in the world of books about the sea in all categories.

– Asociación Profesional de Museólogos de España (APME). Revista nº14/2009. Mar, museos y Arqueología. Actas de las XII Jornadas de Museología (Cartagena).

– FERNÁNDEZ, C. La conservación del material arqueológico subacuático. Monte Buciero Ediciones (2003).